Building a Gun Range On Your Own Property

a handmade shooting bench

Building a home gun range is a great way to become a better shooter, and get more out of your firearms investment.

Range fees can get expensive, especially memberships to outdoor ranges that have longer or more advanced firing lines. Even with most outdoor ranges, you aren’t going to be able to set up targets the way you want for training, and you’re always going to have to work around other shooters.

Man shooting at hanging steel targets
Image from Getty

Building your own backyard range can fix that, assuming you have the land to do so, and is a great way to improve your shooting skills, have more fun with your firearms, and get outside more (which, let’s face it, we all need to do).

The best part is, building a gun range is easier than you might think and can be a fun project in its own right to boot. 

Benefits of Building Your Own Range

Shooting with Ear Protection
Image from Getty.

Building your own range has a few notable benefits. 

First and foremost, it lets you get more out of the firearms you already own. I don’t know about most of you, but I have a lot of guns that don’t get shot as much as I’d like, and I’d certainly like to shoot them more. 

With a home range, you can shoot as much as you have time and ammo for, which means you’ll get the most out of your guns. Modern firearms are easily good for ten thousand rounds or more (depending on caliber) and very, very few of us will even get close to that.

It’s almost like buying a Ferrari and then never taking it above 20mph. Why have that much money tied up if you’re not going to try and get the most out of it?

Secondly, and in my mind more important, having a home range allows you to improve your abilities as a shooter. For training, whether for hunting, self-defense, or competition, there’s no better option than having your own range, even if it’s more limited than the range at your local gun club.

Most of those nice clubs with shooting bays and steel targets and the like are going to cost you $100 a month too, at least where I’m at. 

Shooting with a pistol. Man aiming pistol in shooting range.
Image from GettyImages.

Having a range in your backyard lets you practice the way you want, when you want, without worrying about irresponsible people shooting in the lane next to you, or nannying range officers who are worried you might be one of the responsible people.

If you’re a competition shooter, having a range you can go to whenever you want is one of the best ways to get better quickly and compete at the highest levels. I got the chance to pick Taran Butler’s brain about shooting, and he quickly cited having a home range as one of the key things that helped him become a champion shooter.

He likened it to an athlete having a full gym in their backyard, which I think is a pretty solid comparison from someone who definitely knows what they’re talking about. 

Sold on the idea of a home gun range? Awesome! Let’s talk about how to build one.

Safety First

First and foremost, we have to talk about safety. Obviously, I don’t need to tell you that you need to have a safe area where you can legally shoot, without endangering anyone or anything. We all know the Four Basic Rules of Gun Safety, right? 

When applying those rules to a gun range, we need to keep a few things in mind. 

First, do we have enough room and adequate backstops to keep everyone safe, including our (very) distant neighbors? This is especially important for rifle shooters, so all my PRS folks remember that your guns can reach some really serious ranges, so backstops are important.

You can build backstops out of loosely packed dirt, railroad ties, or go with something a little more advanced like a purpose-built ballistic backstop. Action Target makes some good ones geared towards indoor ranges, but they also have portable bullet stops.

Next, do we have a shooting lane that isn’t pointed towards any structures or equipment that could be damaged by our shooting?

Finally, do we have first aid and emergency supplies on hand in the event of an accident? 

I keep a tourniquet and chest seals in my range bag, just in case. This is a cheap way to make sure, should someone forget one of those four rules, that anyone with an unwanted hole poked in them doesn’t bleed out before paramedics arrive. Unlikely as that situation is, it never hurts to be prepared.  

Shooting Area

After we have an area set up to shoot towards with sufficient backstops in place, it’s time to look at the area we’ll be shooting from.

For most of us, that’s going to mean building or buying at least one shooting bench. Personally, I’m fairly handy with a saw and a drill, so I built the one above using plans from this video from Outdoors with the Morgans

If you want to buy one, there are a number of options available, but I really like the MTM High-Low Shooting Table for a portable option.

a man fires from a shooting table
Image from GettyImages

Other than a shooting bench, you may want to include some chairs, and table of some kind so you aren’t leaving gun cases on the ground, and to give you a place to reload mags, clean your guns, or just sit down and have a sandwich when you need a lunch break.

If you’re a PRS or 3-Gun shooter, you may want to knock together some simple barricades to practice with, which I think is a great way to improve. Shooting well in these kinds of events is one thing, but your time is going to hinge on your transitions in a lot of cases.

I’ll also keep some plastic water barrels, screens, and other stuff lying around so I can set up simulated competition stages that make my training more effective, and more fun.

Finally, something to catch brass with can be a big help, and can actually save you some money if you reload, or know someone who does. 

Either way, having something to catch brass makes your life a lot easier, even if you’re just saving time when it comes to cleanup at the end of a long day of shooting.

For brass catchers, a simple tarp spread on the ground is the simplest and most field-expedient way to do things, but putting some gravel down can also make life easier, and is a little more permanent. 


100 yard target bore sighting
Image by Randy Bauman

Alright, here’s the fun part.

There are a number of great targets out there that you can use, so we’re just going to go over your two main options, and then address some of the issues with each.

First, you have traditional paper and cardboard targets. These are available in a variety of different styles, but my favorite for training is usually either an IDPA target or a B-27 Target

They require a stand, which you can either build yourself out of a couple of 2x4s, or you can just buy pre-made ones.

Next, we have steel targets, which are more expensive, but are good for several thousand rounds, and can last almost forever with proper care and attention. 

You can get all sorts of steel targets, from plate racks to silhouettes, and you can get them in either static form, or get dynamic ones that fall over or move when shot for added challenge and fun.

steel target
Image from Gander Outdoors

There are a few safety concerns, but mainly what you need to be aware of are the risks of damaging the target, the risk of ricochet, and the risks of sparks igniting flammable material like grass or leaves.

The first two issues can be avoided by following the caliber/impact energy guidelines from the manufacturer, and by hanging your target in a manufacturer-approved way. Pretty simple.

Fire is a bit more complicated, but basically just clear the area around your targets, especially if you’re going to be shooting at longer ranges where you may not notice a fire starting until it’s too late.

Parting Shots

There’s a lot to love about having a range on your property, and getting one built doesn’t take too much effort.

 If you have the space and follow the steps above, you’ll have a great setup for training, whether you’re interested in self-defense, competition, hunting, or just turning money into noise and having fun with your buddies. 

Do you have any questions or concerns? Leave a comment below.

Building a gun range on your own property



  1. I was able to make a great home range with railroad ties and ballistic rubber. Railroad you can get anywhere. The rubber I got from CRS Ballistics because it lasts longer. Now I’m off to the races on my range.

    1. Sounds great, Carl! What sorts of places would I be able to get railroad ties? Also, do you have anywhere you can point me to for a “how to” for how to actually assemble the backstop?

  2. There are local limits in some states concerning gun ranges. And folks considering building their own range should be aware if state, county/parish, city gun range requirements/restrictions.

    1. This is a great point. Always check out local laws, people.

  3. I really appreciate your article. I have 12 acres of hay field in a rectangular shape which I believe would lend itself to a small 100 yard shooting range. One end of the property has about 50-75 yards of wooded area. I thought this would be the best area for the backstop and Target area. My thought is to have 4-6 dump truck loads of dirt brought in and dumped in front of the wooded area. Then build a 20 ft. wide Target area out of 2×4 and 2×6’s. I have a couple questions. 1. Does what I am pressing sound feasible and safe? 2. Are there any detailed plans out there showing how to best construct the target area, including “wooden” target supports.
    Some that might last a while. Or more info on metal targets.
    Any other advice would be appreciated.
    Thank You!

  4. Can I build a shooting range on my private property which will run parallel to the public street, about 30′ off the road? I have dirt piled up loosely behind the targets, about 6′ high.

    1. Hi Laurie, You’ll need to be very careful by the road. It might be a good idea to reach out to your local sheriff’s office and see what they think.

  5. can you get a home range (N.R.A.) certified?

  6. Can I shoot targets in my own back yard in Perquimans county, NC. I have tried googling it and don’t know how to find this out. Can you help me?

    1. Reach out to your local law enforcement office to find out if you can in your area. The answer might not be on the Web.

  7. Do I need to account for the difference in elevation between the target and the Bench rest

    1. Berry, it depends on how far your shooting and how large of an elevation change there is. Also, depends on what you mean for “account.” Are you talking for sighting in a weapon or for just safety for your own range at home? The situation matters here. The short answer is yes, but for the long answer, have to have the details.

  8. My in-laws own 30 acre’s here in Wv,and for some if it is long enough for a private range ! It a old deserted road that leads uphill,and half way up(bout 50 yards give r take a few) the brush and tree line gets real thick and heavy the hill climbs almost straight up on the left side and clear on the right side ? Could I set up at the opening at the bottom and use the hill side or the top as a back wall ant set metal target in front of that hill side and be safe ! I use to hunt in Il and wi but my trucking career took over and I live in Wv now and want to get back n2 hunting again !

  9. Hi Matt. Thank you for informative article. I have 47 acres and plan on building my own range. I have water on my property and want to be a good steward of the land. My concern is about the lead from the ammo I will be using (mostly pistol ammo and some 5.53). I do not want lead from my spent ammo leaching into my ground water and beyond. Have you come across any information that helps with how to manage the lead?

    Thank you so much.

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