Advanced Long Range Shooting Tips

precision bolt action rifle with scope

It seems like Precision Rifle Series and long range shooting in general have really taken off these days, so it makes sense to talk about long range shooting tips, and how to improve, right?

Well so much of the information out there is basic stuff that has been repeated over and over again, and while it’s important to practice those fundamentals forever and ever amen…it doesn’t make much sense to go over them again here. You can find that info elsewhere.

What about when you’ve gotten over the basics and find yourself plateauing though? Maybe you can’t quite reach past 600 yards reliably, or your groups aren’t quite as tight as you want, or you find yourself timing out on a lot of PRS stages? What then?

Marine shooting with tripod
Many PRS shooters use tripods like this one.

I wanted to address some more advanced info and things to do to improve once you hit that level. Let’s get into it.

Master Dry-Fire Practice

Or try to, anyway. Dry-fire practice is a huge part of getting better with any shooting sport, but especially so when it comes to long range precision shooting where your trigger pull is so very important.

Any small errors that you may not even notice at 100 yards are compounded exponentially as you start reaching out to longer and longer ranges. That smooth, even trigger pull has to be perfect…every single time.

The best way to practice this is at home, with a good dry-fire regimen. We recommend at least a few minutes a day, maybe as long as a half hour if you’re getting close to your next match or just want to seriously improve your shooting.

Check, double-check, and then triple-check that your firearm is in a safe condition, and pointed in a safe direction, and then settle down behind it like you would if you were getting ready to shoot. Fire a few “shots” this way, and then if you’re doing any PRS competition stuff, try moving around and firing from different positions, with the gun supported on different objects.

This will also help you get used to moving with the gun, getting it set up quickly, and firing from unusual or uncomfortable positions, all of which you’ll have to excel at to win most PRS matches.

hunter taking aim with precision rifle
In the field, you won’t always be firing from a comfortable position.

Note: while modern center-fire firearms should be okay with a little dry-fire, to protect your (presumably fairly expensive) rifle,  I highly suggest picking up some dummy rounds or snap caps either online, or from your local sporting goods store.

Memorize Your D.O.P.E. Card

You do have a D.O.P.E. card, right?

For those of you who don’t know, a D.O.P.E card is not a drug thing. Depending on who you ask, the acronym stands for either Data On Previous Engagements or Data On Personal Equipment.

Either way, what it amounts to is a cheat sheet. D.O.P.E. cards contain info on how much your bullet will drop over distance, and drift with wind, when fired from your particular rifle. Although instead of telling you to hold this high, or that far left, you’ll usually want your card to have MIL/MOA adjustments on it that correspond to your scope. If you guys want a full article on creating a D.O.P.E. card, let me know in the comments.

This card will help you quickly and easily adjust your scope based on different ranges and changing wind conditions, which is especially important when you’re hunting, or shooting in a timed competition stage.

For that reason, it’s best to have the card somewhere handy. Some like to tape it to the stock of their rifle, but for myself and many pro shooters, the solution is one of those quarterback arm sleeves that they use to help remember plays and audibles.

Of course, if you want to really be a pro, you’ll memorize your D.O.P.E. card, especially for common distances (say every 100 yard increment out to 700 yards or so). This will get you pretty close in most cases, and allow you to quickly adjust to engage new targets without consulting your card.

Practice Reading the Wind

I could write an entire article on just reading the wind, and learning how to compensate for it. Better shooters than me have written entire books on the subject, and with good reason.

Learning to read the wind is probably the most difficult part of long-range shooting, and also the least scientific. We shooters have all kinds of formulas and conversions and other sound mathematical concepts to handle things like gravity, wind resistance, and even the curvature and rotation of the Earth…but wind is a little different.

Reading the wind on your own is more of an art than a science, and is one of those things you’ll just have to practice to get better at. Look at grass, small shrubs, and the like to get the angle and speed of the wind, dial in your guess based on what your D.O.P.E. card says, and fire off a shot?

Did you hit? If not, readjust and try again. Once you get dialed in, make a note of what your windmarkers are doing, and go from there.

precision bolt action rifle with scope
Precision rifle shooting requires a little bit of math sometimes, but its not that bad I promise.

Of course, there other ways to practice this as well. For one, you can get a wind meter. Wind meters, particularly ones that also work as ballistic calculators, can be a huge help to a shooter in the field, but they’re also great for practice. With one of these, you can estimate the wind yourself, and then double check it with the wind meter to confirm. This is a great way to practice when you can’t get to the range.

Keep in mind though, a wind meter isn’t going to remove the need to be able to read the wind. Remember, if you’re shooting at a target a half mile away, the wind might be different all the way out there, and is likely different along the bullet’s flight path as well.

That’s why it’s important to be able to read the wind all the way to your target, not just at your shooting position, which is what the meter will tell you. If you have to make a quick shot, the wind about 2/3rds of the way to your target is the most important to account for, but in general you want to take in as much of the information on the way to your target as possible.

Having said that, what if there’s no grass, no trees, and no shrubs where you’re shooting? What if you need something else. Well, it’s time to get a spotting scope. Or at the very least, a very, very, very nice rifle scope.

Why? Because you’re going to have to look for mirage. Mirage is the sort of wavy-line “heat wave” effect you see when your scope is just slightly out of focus. You can use these lines and their orientation to gauge which way air currents are moving, and use that to identify wind speed and direction.

If you’re looking to learn more about this, there’s a great article from Ammo Land that covers it.

Parting Shots

The world of long range shooting is an exciting one, not just because of the sheer fun of shooting at extreme distances, but also because of the vast amount there is to learn. This is a sport in which you never, ever stop learning and improving, and there’s always something new to master.

Improving and practicing the skills and techniques above will help any shooter get better, whether you’re a hunter, casual target shooter, or serious PRS competitor. Either way, I hope this info is helpful, and I hope you learned something new.

Advanced long range shooting tips


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